Now that you have an early prototype as a proof of concept, you may want to build a few more that is more robust than using a breadboard or protoboard. In this section, we'll walk you through making your own custom boards.
Designing your board (PCB)
Building a custom printed circuit board (PCB) for your prototype enables you to begin testing your app using the components and mechanical layout that are more representative of your final design.
As you're designing your product, there are many considerations for component and PCB design such as industrial design, functionality, cooling, and power.
Create a schematic
Begin by designing a schematic of your device. A schematic defines the components in your design and how they connect together. Your schematic will include the various power and I/O components connected to the SoM.
Figure 1. A schematic with Eagle using open source libraries provided by Sparkfun
Create a layout
The next step is to build a physical drawing for the PCB. This is where you define the size and shape of the board, physical layout of where to place the components, and how the connections (traces) wires are will be routed.
Figure 2. A layout and the resulting PCB
There are many resources online to get you started but here are some design packages:
PCB fabrication and assembly
Once you have a schematic and layout, you can now take this to a vendor to start building your custom PCB. There are three general steps in the process:
- Design and bill of materials (BOM)
- Fabrication or the manufacturing of the PCB
- Assembly or the installation of all the components on the PCB
There are already plenty of great resources for manufacturing bare PCBs in low quantity. Here's a few in the US:
When selecting final components, conduct due diligence on specifications, pricing, supply, and availability.